Building latest git for CentOS

CentOS is a great operating system, but recent versions of software packages is not one of its virtues. For example the current CentOS 7.2 ships with git version 1.8.3 released 2013, almost 3 years ago. And by that time git gained quite some useful features. So lets see how to build RPMs with latest git.

RPM build chroot

First thing is to make a chroot where to build the RPM, because there are a lot of dependencies required for building, which needs to be cleaned up afterwards. Much easier is to just delete the whole chroot dir 🙂

First lets create the chroot directory and  initialize the  rpm database   :

mkdir /root/buildroot
rpm --root=/root/buildroot --rebuilddb

Next  install the latest centos-release package and yum inside :

rpm --root=/root/buildroot -i
yum --installroot=/root/buildroot install yum

Next we continue inside the chroot. Lucky us, systemd-nspawn makes it trivial to work inside the chroot :

systemd-nspawn -D /root/buildroot/


Building RPMs

Next we need to install gcc, and few other packages that are needed to compile RPMs .

yum install make gcc perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker  rpmdevtools curl-devel expat-devel gettext-devel openssl-devel zlib-devel

And now we need a git SRPM to build. We can just grab the Fedora one which has git 2.7.1. Here are all Fedora builds, and I picked the Rawhide version. Clicking on it takes us to a page with build information and there is also a link to download the SRPM for this build. Lets install it :

rpm -i

You can just ignore the warning about missing users. Go to SPECS directory and try to build the RPMs:

cd rpmbuild/SPECS/
rpmbuild -ba git.spec

error: Failed build dependencies:
        asciidoc >= 8.4.1 is needed by git-2.7.1-1.el7.centos.x86_64
        xmlto is needed by git-2.7.1-1.el7.centos.x86_64
        desktop-file-utils is needed by git-2.7.1-1.el7.centos.x86_64
        emacs is needed by git-2.7.1-1.el7.centos.x86_64
        libgnome-keyring-devel is needed by git-2.7.1-1.el7.centos.x86_64
        pkgconfig(bash-completion) is needed by git-2.7.1-1.el7.centos.x86_64

Ok, we need to install some dependencies to be able to build. Lets just install them:

yum install asciidoc  xmlto desktop-file-utils emacs libgnome-keyring-devel pkgconfig bash-completion

and run rpmbuild again:

rpmbuild -ba git.spec

After the build finishes we have the RPMs in ~/rpmbuild/RPMS:

cd ~/rpmbuild/RPMS/

Exit the chroot and install the following packages for a minimal git installation:

yum install buildroot/root/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/git-2.7.1-1.el7.centos.x86_64.rpm buildroot/root/rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/git-core-* buildroot/root/rpmbuild/RPMS/noarch/perl-Git-2.7.1-1.el7.centos.noarch.rpm

Not, so bad 🙂 Next time I will check how to create a repository .